THE HISTORY CLUB

A place for history teachers, students and enthusiasts

The American Civil War Era
Reading Group

Starting May 2017

This is a friendly group of people interested in reading great books about the American Civil War Period c.1846 to 1877. It is intended to cover surveys of the American Civil War Era and the time preceding and following it.

Please Read: Suggestions on how to Meaningfully and Constructively Participate in our History Reading Groups

Thank you for your interest.

Our Current Book and Reading

Current Book Reading Schedule :: Week and Chapter Name

  1. Prologue: From the Halls of Montezuma and The United States at Midcentury

    Thought Questions
    - How did the Mexican War disrupt existing American political relationships?
    - What were some of the ironic situations created by personal beliefs about the Mexican War?
    - In what ways did the "transportation revolution" in the two generations before the Civil War effect the United States?
    - How did the Christian Evangelical movement known as the "Second Great Awakening" effect the rising conflict over slavery?
    - How did demographic changes effect the social and economic development of the United States?
    - What are the characteristics of and factors that influenced the "American System of Manufactures" and made it successful?
    - What were the differences at midcentury between the laboring class in the American Northern states and their counterparts in Europe?
    - How and why were banks the cause of emerging social and political differences?
    - How was free labor essential for and slavery antithetical to the development of American capitalism?
    - How did the role of gender roles change in the period before the Civil War and how were women agents of change in the period prior to the Civil War?
    - What were some of the differences that developed between North and South in the generation before the Civil War?

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 1

    Primary Sources
    - Lincoln: Speech to the Illinois Legislature - January 11, 1837
    - Lincoln: Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society at Milwaukee, Wisconsin - September 30, 1859
    - American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses
    Theodore D. Weld
    - The American Anti-Slavery Society - 1839

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Begin Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  2. Mexico Will Poison Us

    Thought Questions
    - What was the doctrine of "Manifest Destiny" and how did Whigs and Democrats understand it differently?
    - What were the terms that ended the Mexican War and how did this disrupt the Whig Democrat sectional balance?
    - What were the different "circles of thought" that existed in different supporters and opponents of slavery in general and the expansion of recently squired territory?
    - What were the different attitudes in the North regarding slavery and free blacks?
    - How did Southern attitudes towards slavery evolve before the Civil War and how did these mirror attitudes in Northern states regarding slaves and free blacks?
    - What was the The Wilmot Proviso and the Missouri Compromise?
    - What was the concept of "Popular Sovereignty"?
    - Who were "Conscious" and "Cotton" Whigs?
    - Who were the "Barnburner" Democrats?
    - What was the Liberty Party?

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 2

    Primary Sources
    - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; February 2, 1848
    - May 11, 1846: War Message to Congress - James K. Polk
    - June 10, 1846: Message to Senate Regarding Oregon - James K. Polk
    - August 14, 1848: Message Regarding Slavery in the Territories - James K. Polk
    - 1820 - The Missouri Compromise
    -
    The Wilmot Proviso, 1846
    - William Henry Seward - The “Irrepressible Conflict” Speech - 1858

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

    Articles
    - James K. Polk - Miller Center (University of Virginia)
    - James K. Polk Biography - White House
  3. An Empire for Slavery

    Thought Questions
    - How did the southern slave states reject states rights and insist on greater federal power in to interfere with the states?
    - What was "Nullification" and how did Abolitionists use it?
    - What were "Personal Liberty Laws"?
    - What was the Fugitive Slave Law and how was its enforcement funded?
    - What rights did slaves have in defending themselves against the Fugitive Slave Law?
    - Why did the Fugitive Slave Law anger the North?
    - How were Evangelical and Anabaptist Christians involved in resistance to slavery?
    - Who were the "Fire Eaters"?
    - How did Millard Fillmore work to support the Fugitive Slave Law?
    - Who were the Butternuts?
    - What were Northern "Exclusion Laws"?
    - Who was the woman that created such a great war, what did she do and what was her motivation for her activity?
    - How were the economic and infrastructure circumstances different in the North and South?
    - What reasons have been proposed for the failure of the South to develop self sufficiency in industry, manufacturing and food?
    - What economic circumstances caused the South to demand a resumption of the Atlantic slave trade and expansion into new lands?
    - Who were the Filibusterers, what was their purpose and motivation and how did the concept of Manifest Destiny change after the Mexican War?
    - What was "Nullification" and how did Filibusterers use it?
    - What role did Cuba, Nicaragua and Spain play with America in the early 1850s?
    - Who was William Walker?
    - What issue is the common root for all major national disputes in the 1850s?
    - What issue is the common root for the sectional animosity in the 1850s?
    - How did Christian beliefs play a role in abolition in the North and expansion in the South?
    - Summarize the main issues and events around the Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore administration

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 3

    Primary Sources
    - The Compromise of 1850 Documents
    - Fugitive Slave Act; September 18, 1850
    - January 29, 1850 - The Compromise of 1850 was introduced by Senator Henry Clay in a series of resolutions.
    - February 5 and 6, 1850 - Senator Henry Clay defended his compromise proposals in a speech.
    - March 4, 1850 - Senator John Calhoun's speech against the Compromise of 1850 was delivered. Calhoun was too weak to give the speech so it was read by Senator James Murray Mason of Virginia.
    - March 7, 1850 - Senator Daniel Webster delivered his speech in favor of the Compromise of 1850 ("Seventh of March" speech)
    - "Mr. Clay's Resolutions," The North-Carolina Standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), February 6, 1850.
    - "Mr. Calhoun's Speech," The North-Carolina Standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), March 13, 1850.
    - "Mr. Webster," The Daily Crescent. (New Orleans, La.), March 16, 1850.
    - "The Fugitive Slave Law," Anti-Slavery Bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio), October 12, 1850.
    - Uncle Robin in His Cabin in Virginia, And Tom Without One in Boston by J. W. Page
    - Massachusetts Personal Liberty Law

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

    Articles
    - Zachary Taylor Biography - Miller Center (University of Virginia)
    - Zachary Taylor Biography - White House
    - Millard Fillmore Biography - Miller Center (University of Virginia)
    - Millard Fillmore Biography - White House

    Reading Group Resources
    - Chapter 3 Discussion Thought Questions - PDF | DOCX
    - Chapter 3 Discussion Quotes - PDF | PPTX
  4. Slavery, Rum, and Romanism

    Thought Questions
    - How did the election of 1852 set in motion the destruction of the Whig party?
    - How was Franklin Pierce an example of "Northern Men with Southern Sympathizes"?
    - In what ways did Franklin Pierce aggravate and ameliorate sectional conflict?
    - How was the transcontinental railroad effected by Nebraska and slavery expansion?
    - How did "Personal Liberty" laws effect the debate over states rights and federal power?
    - How did the issue of Nebraska create divisions within the Democratic Party?
    - What were the Northern and Southern reactions to the domestic use of the military against Northern states to enslave black Americans?
    - Why did Slave states fear new Free states on the border of Missouri?
    - What was the Northwest Ordinance 1787 and why did the Slave states begin to object to it?
    - Who were the Know Nothings (the American Party)?
    - How did temperance play a role in the political realignments of the 1850s?
    - How did the Know Nothings successfully fuse anti-slavery, anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic and pro-temperance movements together?
    - What was Abraham Lincoln's opinion of the Know Nothing and what issue made him willing to work with them dispite his feelings?
    - Why was the Know Nothing movement a significant force in the Northern states, but of little consequence in the Southern states?
    - What was the core issue the Republican party formed around?
    - How did "Free Soilers" and "Know Nothings" form the Republican Party?
    - What was the relationship between anti-Catholics and Nativists?
    - How did anti-Catholic fears effect the United States in the 1850s?
    - Why did early Republicans have to avoid addessing the issue of emancipation directly?
    - Why did pre-war Democrats have to be vocal regarding slavery?
    - Who was John C. Freemont?
    - Who was John Buchanan?
    - How did public education factor in the controversies of this period?

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 4

    Primary Sources
    - The Life of Franklin Pierce (Annotated) by Nathaniel Hawthorne
    - Northwest Ordinance; July 13, 1787
    - Republican Party Platform of 1856
    - Democratic Party Platform of 1856

    Articles
    - Franklin Pierce Biography - Miller Center (University of Virginia)
    - Franklin Pierce Biography - White House

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  5. The Crime Against Kansas

    Thought Questions
    - What was the New England Immigrant Aid Society and what were their purposes and plan?
    - How did slave states react to the efforts of the New England Immigrant Aid Society and what actions did they take to counter them?
    - What role did Missouri play in the settlement of Kansas?
    - Who was Charles Sumner and how did he support the Free Soil settlers in Kansas?
    - What was the slave state and free state reaction to the attack on Charles Sumner and how did it change over time?
    - What was Franklin Pierce's reaction to the events in Kansas and Missouri?
    - How were John Brown and his sons involved in the Kansas Civil War?
    - What was the reaction in the North to Southern use of terms related to slavery and submission in the press?
    - Who were the Jayhawkers?
    - Summarize the main issues and events around the Franklin Pierce administration

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 5

    Primary Sources
    - Background and Text of Charles Sumner's speech "Crime against Kansas" address
    - The Kansas Nebraska Act
    - Franklin Pierce: May 15, 1854: Message Regarding Transit Across Central America
    - Franklin Pierce: January 24, 1856: Message Regarding Disturbances in Kansas

    Article
    - James Buchanan Biography - Miller Center (University of Virginia)
    - James Buchanan Biography - White House

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  6. Mudsills and Greasy Mechanics for A. Lincoln

    Thought Questions
    - Who was Dred Scott and how did he effect American History?
    - How did the Dred Scott case allow slave states to spread slavery to free states?
    - How did the Dred Scott case reinforce the South's ability to use federal power to oppose and interfere with state rights and popular sovereignty?
    - What were the three main questions and arguments in Chief Justice Taney's Dred Scott opinion and how did it effect the issue of slavery between states rights and federal power?
    - What was the cumulative effect of the Fugitive Slave Act, the Kansas-Nebraska situation and the Dred Scott decision on Northern Anti-Slavery groups and Abolitionist groups?
    - How did the existence of free Northern Black Americans with citizenship rights effect the debate over slavery in the 1850s?
    - How did the existence of free Black Americans in the Southern border states effect the debate over slavery in the 1850s?
    - What was "Black Republicanism" and how was it used in the 1850s?
    - What was the Lemon Case?
    - What was the effect of the Slave State insistence on a Federal Slave Code in the North and its effect on Northern states rights and federal power?
    - What were the Lincoln-Douglas debates and what topics were debated?
    - What was Lincoln's main point and purpose in the debates?
    - What was Douglas' main point and purpose in the debates?
    - What was the Freeport doctrine?
    - How did gender roles effect the discussion of Black Equality and Free Soil?
    - What were Lincoln's "Chestnut Horse" positions on Black Equality and Rights?
    - How did Lincoln attempt to use the Founding Fathers beliefs about slavery?
    - What factors worked in favor of Republicans in the election of 1858?
    - What were the causes and effects of the economic crisis of 1857?
    - How did Northern speculative capitalism effect the crisis of 1857?
    - What was the and How did the Crimean War effect the United States?
    - What was the Homestead Act and the Land Grant College Acts?
    - How did Cuban annexation effect politics in the 1850s?
    - What was "Popular Sovereignty" and how was it related to state and federal rights and why were Slave states opposed to it?
    - What was the "Mudsils" theme and how did Slave states use it to attack free labor capitalism and defend slavery?
    - How did Slave States use white class/race warfare to divide working class whites?

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 6

    Primary Sources
    - The Dred Scott decision : opinion of Chief Justice Taney (Library of Congress)
    - Abraham Lincoln - House Divided Speech - 1858
    - Article 6 - United States Constitution
    - The Lincoln - Douglas Debates
    - The Homestead Act
    - The Land Grant College Act (The Morrill Act)
    - Buchanan's 1858 Message of Congress regarding the Kansas Constitution

    Articles
    - The Dred Scott Dissents: McLean,Curtis, Lincoln, and the Public Mind
    - The Lincoln - Douglas Debates

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  7. The Revolution of 1860

    Thought Questions
    - Who was John Brown, what were his purposes and motives and how did he effect the beginning of the Civil War?
    - Describe the transition from non-violence to violent resistance to slavery
    - What was the Mason Committee and what was the reaction to John Brown's execution in the North and the Southern counter reaction?
    - How did "Black Republicanism" and John Brown become related and how did the south react?
    - Describe the development of anti-Northern violence in response to John Brown
    - Who was Stephen Douglas and how did he break the Democratic party?
    - What was the central issue of the break in the Democratic party in 1860?
    - What were the central issues in the Republican nominating convention?
    - What were Lincoln's strengths and weaknesses in the 1860 convention?
    - What were Seward's strengths and weaknesses in the 1860 convention?
    - What was the Constitutional Union Party and their election plan?
    - What unique circumstances made the election of 1860 unusual?
    - What issues other than slavery were significant factors in the election of 1860 and how did they compare in importance to the slavery issue?
    - How did James Buchanan and Democratic Party corruption effect the election of 1860?
    - Describe the anti-black hysteria that gripped the South in 1860

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 7

    Primary Sources
    - Senate Select Committee Report on the Harper’s Ferry Invasion
    - A Plea for Captain John Brown by Henry David Thoreau; October 30, 1859
    - Life, Trial and Execution of Captain John Brown; 1859 - Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by ROBERT M. DE WITT, In the Clerks's Office of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
    - Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court, when about to receive the sentence of death, for his heroic attempt at Harper’s Ferry
    - Platform of the 1860 Democratic Party
    - Platform of the 1860 Republican Party
    - Constitutional Union Party "Platform Statement" of 1860
    - His Speech of Protest in the Charleston Convention - William Lowndes Yancey, 1860
    - Lincoln's Cooper Union Speech

    Articles:
    - Abraham Lincoln Biography - Miller Center (University of Virginia)
    - Abraham Lincoln Biography - White House
    - About John Brown’s Last Speech
    - Brief Biography of Stephen Douglas
    - Brief Biography of William Yancy
    - Brief Biography of William Seward
    - Brief Biography of Hannibal Hamlin
    - Brief Biography of John Bell
    - Brief Biography of John C. Breckinridge

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  8. The Counterrevolution of 1861

    Thought Questions
    - Describe the events in South Carolina in December 1860 and the events that followed
    - What did the Buchanan administration do regarding succession from the election to the inauguration of Lincoln?
    - Who were the groups of "conditionalists", "cooperationists" and "fireeaters" and their goals?
    - How was Unionism different in the North and South?
    - Create a topical outlines of the South Carolina, Mississippi and Texas declarations of succession. What common themes and language do they contain? What do these themes indicate about the cause of and attitude toward succession?
    - What meaningful differences exist between the United States Constitution and the Constitution for the Provisional Government of the Confederate States? How do these differences reflect the themes found in the ordinances of succession?
    - Now did New York City reflect the division in the country and develop in the Copperheads?
    - How did different Americans interpret the creation of the states and nation from the colonies differently and what meaning did they attach to these beliefs?
    - How did the Mississippi River (and Ohio River) play a role in resistance to succession?
    - What challenges did the United States face in the opening phases of the armed insurrection?
    - What steps did President Buchanan recommend to the Northern states to prevent succession?
    - What was the attitude and intentions of Abolitionists and "go in peace" Republicans towards succession?
    - What were the Crittenden Compromise Amendments and what do they tell us about the cause of the Civil War and the role slavery played in it?
    - What was the original 13th Amendment?
    - How did New Mexico and the Far West effect succession?
    - What were the differences between the Upper and Lower South on Insurrection?
    - What were the characteristics of the Confederate Constitution that made it different from the American Constitution?
    - What were the main points and subjects of President Lincoln's Inaugural  Address?
    - How did Lincoln address the issue of Slavery and the Southern Insurrection?
    - What were the main points and subjects of Jefferson Davis' appointment Address?
    - How did Davis address the issue of Slavery and the Southern Insurrection?
    - Describe the events around the start of armed insurrection at Fort Sumter
    - How did Major Robert Anderson of Kentucky contrast with Southern officers that abandoned the United States at the start of succession?
    - How did the beginning of armed insurrection against the United States effect the loyalty and attitudes of United States Army and Navy Officers?
    - What was the wording of the 1830 Oath of Allegiance taken by officers of the Untied States Army?
    - What were the obligations undertaken by United States Army officers upon taking the 1830 American Oath of Allegiance?
    - How did the Officer American Oath of Allegiance change between 1789 and 1830?

    Primary Sources
    - Constitution for the Provisional Government of the Confederate States; February 8, 1861
    - Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union
    - A Declaration of the Immediate Causes which Induce and Justify the Secession of the State of Mississippi from the Federal Union
    - A Declaration of the Causes which Impel the State of Texas to Secede from the Federal Union
    - Ordinances of Secession (All Confederate declarations)
    - Amendments Proposed in Congress by Senator John J. Crittenden : December 18, 1860
    - The Crittenden Slavery Compromise - The New York Times - February 6, 1861
    - William Yancey - Speech of Protest in the Charleston Convention (1860)
    - Abraham Lincoln's Presidential Inaugural  Address (1861)
    - February 18, 1861 - Jefferson Davis' Appointment Address
    - United States Army Officer Oaths of Allegiance - Current, 1789, 1830 and 1862

    Articles
    - Brief Biography John J. Crittenden
    - Brief Biography of William Yancey
    - Brief Biography of Robert Rhett

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 8

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  9. Facing Both Ways: The Upper South’s Dilemma

    Thought Questions
    - How did the upper southern states respond to the election of 1860 and the developing insurrection in the lower southern states?
    - How was the upper south divided in its response to the crisis of succession and united regarding "Black Republicans"?
    - How did Southern Unionists view the beginning of the insurrection and how was this reaction different from succession crisis prior to armed revolt?
    - How did Virginians respond to the news of the attack on Fort Sumter and how did they symbolically express their support for the insurrection?
    - Describe the events and reasoning that took place before, during and in response to the Virginia Succession Convention
    - Using Winfield Scott and Robert Lee as examples, why did some southern United States Army Officers remain loyal to the United States and why did some southerners abandon their oaths and commitments to the United States? How were their backgrounds and experiences similar and different?
    - Considering the context of his earlier statements and feelings about succession and insurrection, why did Lee chose to formally resign his commission instead of abandoning his position without notice in time of war as some other southern officers did?
    - How did the process of succession proceed after Virginia joined the insurrection?
    - Describe the unique circumstances around succession and the states of Maryland and Delaware?
    - Why did Lincoln consider Kentucky critical to saving the Union and what role did the Ohio River play in American efforts to defeat succession?
    - How did the Northern states begin to respond to insurrection in the south?
    - How did Missouri react to the outbreak of insurrection in the southern states and how did it build on previous insurrections in Missouri?
    - In what ways did Virginia begin to divide at the outbreak of succession?
    - How was Tennessee divided between its eastern and western regions and Alabama between its northern and southern regions?

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 9

    Primary Sources
    - April 15, 1861: President Lincoln message calling Congress into Emergency Session to respond to southern insurrection
    - The Virginia Ordinance of Succession
    - 04/20/1861: Resignation Letter from Robert E. Lee to Simon Cameron, United States Secretary of War

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  10. Amateurs Go to War

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 9

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  11. Farewell to the Ninety Days’ War

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 10

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  12. Blockade and Beachhead: The Salt-Water War, 1861– 1862

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 11

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  13. The River War in 1862

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 12

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  14. The Sinews of War

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 13

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  15. Billy Yank’s Chickasaw Blues

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 14

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  16. We Must Free the Slaves or Be Ourselves Subdued

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 15

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  17. Carry Me Back to Old Virginity

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 16

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  18. John Bull’s Virginia Reel

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Primary Sources
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 17

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  19. Three Rivers in Winter, 1862– 1863

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Primary Sources
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 18

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  20. Fire in the Rear

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Primary Sources
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 18

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  21. Long Remember: The Summer of ‘63

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 19

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  22. Johnny Reb’s Chattanooga Blues

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 20

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  23. When This Cruel War Is Over

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 21

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  24. If It Takes All Summer

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 22

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  25. After Four Years of Failure

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 23

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  26. We Are Going To Be Wiped Off the Earth

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 24

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  27. South Carolina Must Be Destroyed

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 25

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Continue Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  28. We Are All Americans and Epilogue: To the Shoals of Victory Afterword

    Thought Questions
    - X

    Supplemental Biography Reading
    - Abraham Lincoln: 2 Volumes by Michael Burlingame - Chapter 26

    Primary Sources
    - X

    American Literature Focus Supplemental Reading
    - Finish Reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

American Civil War Era History Group Reading List

  1. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era by James M. McPherson
    (This has also been published as an unabridged single volume and two volumes as well as an unabridged audiobook. It has also been published in abridged form - avoid this)
  2. The Road to Disunion, Two Volumes: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854 and Secessionists Triumphant, 1854-1861 by William W. Freehling
  3. Reluctant Confederates: Upper South Unionists in the Secession Crisis by Daniel W. Crofts
  4. A Savage War: A Military History of the Civil War by Williamson Murray and Wayne Wei-siang Hsieh
  5. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 by Eric Foner
    (There is an abridged version of this and should be avoided)
  6. American Slavery, American Freedom by Edmund S. Morgan
  7. The South Vs. The South: How Anti-Confederate Southerners Shaped the Course of the Civil War by William W. Freehling
  8. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War by Michael F. Holt
  9. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War by Eric Foner
  10. Northern Men with Southern Loyalties: The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis by Michael Todd Landis
  11. Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850s by Tyler G. Anbinder
  12. Unionists in Virginia: Politics, Secession and Their Plan to Prevent Civil War by Larry Denton
  13. The Civil War, Three Volumes by Shelby Foote
  14. Look Away!: A History of the Confederate States of America by William C. Davis
  15. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism by Edward E. Baptist
  16. The Wars of Reconstruction: The Brief, Violent History of America's Most Progressive Era by Douglas R. Egerton
  17. The Fall of the House of Dixie: The Civil War and the Social Revolution That Transformed the South by Bruce Levine
  18. The American Slave Coast: A History of the Slave-Breeding Industry by Ned Sublette and Constance Sublette
  19. Ecstatic Nation: Confidence, Crisis, and Compromise, 1848-1877 by Brenda Wineapple
  20. Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War by Charles B. Dew
  21. This Vast Southern Empire by Matthew Karp
  22. A Nation Without Borders: The United States and Its World in an Age of Civil Wars, 1830-1910 by Steven Hahn
  23. The California Gold Rush and the Coming of the Civil War by Leonard L. Richards
  24. Murder State: California's Native American Genocide, 1846-1873 by Brendan C. Lindsay
  25. Rival Rails: The Race to Build America's Greatest Transcontinental Railroad by Walter R. Borneman

After the first books listed above we will select the next books we read from the list on this page

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